South African Law Collective Agreement
Section 23, paragraph 1, point d), is one of the many sections of the L. ARS that govern the legislative decision of the majority vote. This decision is based on Parliament`s assumption that it would best serve the LRA`s priority objectives in labour peace and orderly collective bargaining (Aunde South Africa (Pty) Ltd/NUMSA  10 BLLR 945 (LAC) Par. 32; see Cohen “Limiting the organizational rights of minority unions: POPCRU/Ledwaba 2013 11 BLLR 1137 (LC)” (2014) 17.5 PER 2211. See also Roof (ed) and al Labour Relations Law (6th ed) (LexisNexis 2015) 283-284). One of their main objectives is to promote collective bargaining as a means of managing management-worker relations and resolving disputes between them. Of the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU), 21 have adopted legislation to extend collective agreements to non-parties (“extension of collective agreements in the EU: substantive document” from Kerckhof in 2011 Eurofound 1 is available from www.bollettinoadapt.it/old/files/document/15105EF_collectivebar.pdf (available 2018-06-06). The renewal of an agreement in the EU is usually carried out by an administrative decision of the Ministry of Labour, a publication in an official journal or both. As a general rule, there is a precondition for the thresholds of the parties to the negotiations.
The Constitutional Court has recognized the historical and contemporary importance of the right to strike for the maintenance of the dignity of workers and has enabled them to assert their bargaining power in labour relations (NUMSA – others v Bader Bop – another  ZACC 30;  2 BLLR 103 (CC) by 13). This right is an important part of a successful collective bargaining system (ibid.). Therefore, this right is not an end in itself, but a means of achieving an end. The final product is effective collective bargaining that allows workers to influence the conditions of employment (Mining Room/AMCU – others (J 99/14)  ZALCJHB 13 by 50). Provisions such as Article 65, paragraph 1, point a), limit this right by prohibiting the worker bound by a collective agreement that prohibits strike action on the issue at issue. As the Tribunal has indicated, the limitation of the right to strike in Section 23(1))d) is merely a “knock on effect” since the provision is not intended to restrict the right, but to extend collective agreements (AMCU/Bergbaukammers CC Par 44, see also The Chamber of Mines/AMCU – others (J 99/14)  ZALCJH 13, paragraph 54. Section 65 (1) (a) of the LRA prohibits workers from going on strike if the dispute is governed by a collective agreement. Workers are entitled to at least 12 current public holidays under the Public Holiday Act. However, by appointment, a public holiday can be exchanged for another day. An agreement is also required to get an employee to work on a public holiday. The double-wage wage (or normal salary plus paid leave) must be paid if the worker is working on a public holiday that falls on a normal work day. The LRA promotes and rewards representative trade unionism.
In other words, it promotes trade union cooperation and the merger of trade unions. Only unions that are sufficiently representative in the workplace are entitled to organisational rights. Majority unions have the right to obtain relevant information from the employer and to enter into collective agreements.